Milan, November 20, 2012 -- Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded the ratings of two French government-related issuers (GRIs): Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Français (SNCF) and Réseau Ferré de France (RFF). The outlook on both companies' long-term ratings remains negative.
Today's actions were prompted by the weakening of the French government's credit profile, as captured by Moody's recent downgrade of France's government bond rating to Aa1 from Aaa, with a continued negative outlook. For more details, please refer to Moody's PR (http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-downgrades-Frances-government-bond-rating-to-Aa1-from-Aaa--PR_260071)
The rating downgrades are as follows:
- SNCF: Long-term issuer rating downgraded by one notch to Aa2 from Aa1, while the short-term rating is unchanged at (P)Prime-1.
- RFF: Long-term senior unsecured ratings downgraded by one notch to Aa1 from Aaa, while the short-term and commercial paper (CP) ratings are unchanged at Prime-1.
Moody's has also lowered the Baseline Credit Assessment (BCA) of RFF to ba1 from baa3, while SNCF's baa1 BCA is unchanged. The BCA is a measure of a company's standalone financial strength without the assumed benefit of government support.
As SNCF and RFF are 100% state-owned, their ratings incorporate a very strong element of government support in accordance with Moody's rating methodology for such entities.
For additional information on Sovereign ratings, please refer to the webpage containing Moody's related announcements http://www.moodys.com/eusovereign
RATIONALE FOR DOWNGRADE AND NEGATIVE OUTLOOK
The main driver of the downgrade of SNCF's long-term ratings is the weakening of the French government's credit profile, as captured by Moody's recent downgrade of France's government bond rating, given the strong government support that is incorporated into SNCF's ratings. As a GRI, SNCF's ratings and outlook are closely aligned with those of the government of France. This reflects the very high level of dependence and support that SNCF benefits from owing to its special legal status as an EPIC (Etablissement Public à Caractère Industriel et Commercial) and the group's importance as an instrument of France's public policy.
In accordance with Moody's GRI rating methodology, SNCF's Aa2 issuer rating reflects the combination of the following inputs: (1) an unchanged baa1 baseline credit assessment (BCA), which measures the group's standalone financial strength without the assumed benefit of government support; (2) the Aa1 local-currency rating of the French government; (3) and the "very high" support and "very high" dependence the group benefits from as an EPIC.
Despite the "very high" support that is incorporated in SNCF's issuer rating, Moody's had introduced a one-notch differentiation between SNCF's rating and that of the sovereign rating in July 2011. This reflected the rating agency's expectation that the very close link between SNCF and the French government will gradually loosen as the French railway market very slowly opens up to more competition, in line with EU initiatives, and as the EU competitive authorities focus ever more closely on ensuring a level playing field.
SNCF's BCA of baa1 is mainly supported by its low business risk, which is due to (1) the group's role as the monopoly provider of domestic transportation in France; (2) the stability of SNCF's revenues, driven by long-term contracts with regional French authorities related to regional transportation; and (3) a predictable operating environment. However, SNCF's BCA is also constrained by the group's credit metrics, which are affected mainly by four structural factors: (1) the poor performance of its freight activities; (2) the very high level of network access fees that it has to pay, which continues to affect the performance of SNCF Voyages, its high-speed division; (3) the low return from the activities of the Infra division; and (4) SNCF's high level of capital expenditure (capex).
The outlook on SNCF's ratings remains negative, reflecting the negative outlook on the sovereign rating.
The main driver of the downgrade of RFF's long-term ratings to Aa1 from Aaa is the weakening of the French government's credit profile, as captured by Moody's recent downgrade of France's government bond rating. The rating and outlook of RFF are currently aligned with those of the government of France due to the very high level of dependence and support RFF benefits from, owing to its special legal status as an EPIC (Etablissement Public à Caractère Industriel et Commercial), and the group's importance as an instrument of France's public policy.
In conjunction with downgrading the long-term senior unsecured ratings of RFF to Aa1, Moody's has reflected the group's weakly positioned status within this rating category by lowering the group's BCA to ba1 from baa3.
In accordance with Moody's GRI rating methodology, RFF's Aa1 long-term senior unsecured rating currently reflects the combination of the following inputs: (1) the adjusted ba1 BCA, which measures the group's standalone financial strength without the assumed benefit of government support; (2) the Aa1 local-currency rating of the French government; (3) and the "very high" support and "very high" dependence it benefits from as an EPIC.
RFF's lower BCA reflects the progressive increase in its net debt over recent years to EUR32 billion at year-end 2011 from EUR 28 billion at year-end 2008, and Moody's expectation that this will continue over the next two years. The increase in net debt is mainly due to the greater amount of investments that RFF will have to make in order to finance large projects (e.g., LGV Est, Tours-Bordeaux line). These investments will not be offset by a similar increase in the amount of grants received, and will consequently lead to a larger funding gap, which RFF will have to cover with debt issuances or available cash. During 2012, RFF is likely to undertake capex of around EUR5 billion, of which Moody's expects the group to receive only around EUR2.5 billion in the form of grants. Although Moody's believes that RFF's liquidity profile is still satisfactory -- with cash on balance sheet (EUR3.3 billion as at 30 June 2012) and access to a EUR1.25 billion fully undrawn credit facility likely to cover the gap between investments expensed and grants received as well as scheduled debt repayments over the next 12 months -- the rating agency nevertheless notes that the increased gap between investments and grants reduces the group's liquidity headroom and makes it more dependent on government support.
In accordance with Moody's GRI methodology, the change in the BCA to ba1 from baa3 does not trigger a downgrade of RFF's rating. The downgrade of RFF is only related to the weakening of the French government's credit profile, as captured by Moody's recent downgrade of France's government bond rating.
The outlook on RFF's ratings is negative, reflecting the negative outlook on the sovereign rating.
WHAT COULD MOVE THE RATINGS UP/DOWN
Moody's would consider upgrading SNCF's rating only in the event of an increase in the level of state support that is available to the group, although the rating agency does not currently expect this to occur. Moody's would raise SNCF's BCA if (1) the group's EBITA margin were to increase to above 5%; (2) its debt/EBITDA ratio were to decrease to comfortably below 6.0x; and (3) its retained cash flow (RCF)/net debt ratio were to approach the mid-teens in percentage terms.
Moody's notes that government support for SNCF is currently at a very high level, and expects this to continue as long as the group's current ownership and legal structure remain unchanged. However, any reduction in the expected level of available support would most likely have a negative impact on the rating. While the rating will not necessarily change if there is a change in the level of dependence, the BCA could come under pressure if, inter alia, (1) SNCF's EBITA margin were to fall below 2.5%; (2) its debt/EBITDA ratio were to rise above 7.0x; and (3) its RCF/net debt ratio were to fall to below 10%. Any significant deterioration in SNCF's BCA and/or liquidity could potentially affect the group's rating.
In addition, SNCF's rating could be negatively affected by a further downgrade of the sovereign rating or as a result of reforms to the railway system, which would result in adverse changes to the group's capital structure.
An upgrade of the rating of RFF could occur only if the rating of the government of France were to be upgraded. Although unlikely under the existing framework, Moody's could raise RFF's BCA in the event of a reduction in net debt levels, resulting in an improvement of credit metrics.
A downgrade of the rating of RFF could occur if France's government bond rating were to be downgraded further, or if the levels of support and/or dependence were to diminish. The rating could also be downgraded if the EPIC status of RFF were to be lost. The BCA of RFF could come under pressure if the gap between RFF's investments and grants received were to remain high and/or its liquidity profile were to weaken . In addition, reforms to the railway system, which would result in adverse changes to the group organisation, could also exert downward pressure on RFF's rating.
The principal methodology used in rating SNCF was the Global Passenger Railway Companies Industry Methodology published in December 2008. Other methodologies used include the Government-Related Issuers: Methodology Update published in July 2010. Please see the Credit Policy page on www.moodys.com for a copy of these methodologies.
The principal methodology used in rating RFF was the Government Owned Rail Network Operators Industry Methodology published in April 2009. Other methodologies used include the Government-Related Issuers: Methodology Update published in July 2010. Please see the Credit Policy page on www.moodys.com for a copy of these methodologies.
SNCF is France's national railway operator and the manager of the country's railway infrastructure on behalf of RFF, the owner. SNCF is a 100% state-owned French public entity with autonomous management and with the special status of an EPIC. In 2011, SNCF reported total revenues of approximately EUR32.6 billion.
RFF is 100%-owned by the government of France. It was created in 1997 as an EPIC and given full ownership of the French rail infrastructure. RFF's purpose is to manage the railway property of around 30,000 km of lines. RFF had a turnover of EUR5.0 billion during 2011.
For ratings issued on a program, series or category/class of debt, this announcement provides relevant regulatory disclosures in relation to each rating of a subsequently issued bond or note of the same series or category/class of debt or pursuant to a program for which the ratings are derived exclusively from existing ratings in accordance with Moody's rating practices. For ratings issued on a support provider, this announcement provides relevant regulatory disclosures in relation to the rating action on the support provider and in relation to each particular rating action for securities that derive their credit ratings from the support provider's credit rating. For provisional ratings, this announcement provides relevant regulatory disclosures in relation to the provisional rating assigned, and in relation to a definitive rating that may be assigned subsequent to the final issuance of the debt, in each case where the transaction structure and terms have not changed prior to the assignment of the definitive rating in a manner that would have affected the rating. For further information please see the ratings tab on the issuer/entity page for the respective issuer on www.moodys.com.
The ratings have been disclosed to the rated entities or their designated agents and issued with no amendment resulting from that disclosure.
Information sources used to prepare each of the ratings are the following: parties involved in the ratings, public information, and confidential and proprietary Moody's Investors Service information.
Moody's considers the quality of information available on the rated entities, obligations or credits satisfactory for the purposes of issuing these ratings.
Moody's adopts all necessary measures so that the information it uses in assigning the ratings is of sufficient quality and from sources Moody's considers to be reliable including, when appropriate, independent third-party sources. However, Moody's is not an auditor and cannot in every instance independently verify or validate information received in the rating process.
Moody's Investors Service may have provided Ancillary or Other Permissible Service(s) to the rated entities or their related third parties within the two years preceding the credit rating action. Please see the special report "Ancillary or other permissible services provided to entities rated by MIS's EU credit rating agencies" on the ratings disclosure page on our website www.moodys.com for further information.
The below contact information is provided for information purposes only. Please see the issuer page on www.moodys.com for Moody's regulatory disclosure of the name of the lead analyst and the office that has issued the credit rating.
The relevant Releasing Office for each rating is identified under the Debt/Tranche List section on the Ratings tab of each issuer/entity page on moodys.com.
Please see the ratings disclosure page on www.moodys.com for general disclosure on potential conflicts of interests.
Please see the ratings disclosure page on www.moodys.com for information on (A) MCO's major shareholders (above 5%) and for (B) further information regarding certain affiliations that may exist between directors of MCO and rated entities as well as (C) the names of entities that hold ratings from MIS that have also publicly reported to the SEC an ownership interest in MCO of more than 5%. A member of the board of directors of this rated entity may also be a member of the board of directors of a shareholder of Moody's Corporation; however, Moody's has not independently verified this matter.
Please see Moody's Rating Symbols and Definitions on the Rating Process page on www.moodys.com for further information on the meaning of each rating category and the definition of default and recovery.
Please see ratings tab on the issuer/entity page on www.moodys.com for the last rating action and the rating history.
The date on which some ratings were first released goes back to a time before Moody's ratings were fully digitized and accurate data may not be available. Consequently, Moody's provides a date that it believes is the most reliable and accurate based on the information that is available to it. Please see the ratings disclosure page on our website www.moodys.com for further information.
Please see www.moodys.com for any updates on changes to the lead rating analyst and to the Moody's legal entity that has issued the rating.
Marco Vetulli VP - Senior Credit Officer Corporate Finance Group Moody's Italia S.r.l Corso di Porta Romana 68 Milan 20122 Italy Telephone:+39-02-9148-1100Eric de Bodard MD - Corporate Finance Corporate Finance Group JOURNALISTS: 44 20 7772 5456 SUBSCRIBERS: 44 20 7772 5454 Releasing Office: Moody's Italia S.r.l Corso di Porta Romana 68 Milan 20122 Italy Telephone:+39-02-9148-1100(C) 2012 Moody's Investors Service, Inc. and/or its licensors and affiliates (collectively, "MOODY'S"). All rights reserved.
CREDIT RATINGS ISSUED BY MOODY'S INVESTORS SERVICE, INC. ("MIS") AND ITS AFFILIATES ARE MOODY'S CURRENT OPINIONS OF THE RELATIVE FUTURE CREDIT RISK OF ENTITIES, CREDIT COMMITMENTS, OR DEBT OR DEBT-LIKE SECURITIES, AND CREDIT RATINGS AND RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS PUBLISHED BY MOODY'S ("MOODY'S PUBLICATIONS") MAY INCLUDE MOODY'S CURRENT OPINIONS OF THE RELATIVE FUTURE CREDIT RISK OF ENTITIES, CREDIT COMMITMENTS, OR DEBT OR DEBT-LIKE SECURITIES. MOODY'S DEFINES CREDIT RISK AS THE RISK THAT AN ENTITY MAY NOT MEET ITS CONTRACTUAL, FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS AS THEY COME DUE AND ANY ESTIMATED FINANCIAL LOSS IN THE EVENT OF DEFAULT. CREDIT RATINGS DO NOT ADDRESS ANY OTHER RISK, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO: LIQUIDITY RISK, MARKET VALUE RISK, OR PRICE VOLATILITY. CREDIT RATINGS AND MOODY'S OPINIONS INCLUDED IN MOODY'S PUBLICATIONS ARE NOT STATEMENTS OF CURRENT OR HISTORICAL FACT. CREDIT RATINGS AND MOODY'S PUBLICATIONS DO NOT CONSTITUTE OR PROVIDE INVESTMENT OR FINANCIAL ADVICE, AND CREDIT RATINGS AND MOODY'S PUBLICATIONS ARE NOT AND DO NOT PROVIDE RECOMMENDATIONS TO PURCHASE, SELL, OR HOLD PARTICULAR SECURITIES. NEITHER CREDIT RATINGS NOR MOODY'S PUBLICATIONS COMMENT ON THE SUITABILITY OF AN INVESTMENT FOR ANY PARTICULAR INVESTOR. MOODY'S ISSUES ITS CREDIT RATINGS AND PUBLISHES MOODY'S PUBLICATIONS WITH THE EXPECTATION AND UNDERSTANDING THAT EACH INVESTOR WILL MAKE ITS OWN STUDY AND EVALUATION OF EACH SECURITY THAT IS UNDER CONSIDERATION FOR PURCHASE, HOLDING, OR SALE.
ALL INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS PROTECTED BY LAW, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, COPYRIGHT LAW, AND NONE OF SUCH INFORMATION MAY BE COPIED OR OTHERWISE REPRODUCED, REPACKAGED, FURTHER TRANSMITTED, TRANSFERRED,DISSEMINATED, REDISTRIBUTED OR RESOLD, OR STORED FOR SUBSEQUENT USE FOR ANY SUCH PURPOSE, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, IN ANY FORM OR MANNER OR BY ANY MEANS WHATSOEVER, BY ANY PERSON WITHOUT MOODY'S PRIOR WRITTEN CONSENT.
All information contained herein is obtained by MOODY'S from sources believed by it to be accurate and reliable. Because of the possibility of human or mechanical error as well as other factors, however, all information contained herein is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind. MOODY'S adopts all necessary measures so that the information it uses in assigning a credit rating is of sufficient quality and from sources MOODY'S considers to be reliable including, when appropriate, independent third-party sources. However, MOODY'S is not an auditor and cannot in every instance independently verify or validate information received in the rating process. Under no circumstances shall MOODY'S have any liability to any person or entity for (a) any loss or damage in whole or in part caused by, resulting from, or relating to, any error negligent or otherwise or other circumstance or contingency within or outside the control of MOODY'S or any of its directors, officers, employees or agents in connection with the procurement, collection, compilation, analysis, interpretation, communication, publication or delivery of any such information, or (b) any direct, indirect, special, consequential, compensatory or incidental damages whatsoever (including without limitation, lost profits), even if MOODY'S is advised in advance of the possibility of such damages, resulting from the use of or inability to use, any such information. The ratings, financial reporting analysis, projections, and other observations, if any, constituting part of the information contained herein are, and must be construed solely as, statements of opinion and not statements of fact or recommendations to purchase, sell or hold any securities. Each user of the information contained herein must make its own study and evaluation of each security it may consider purchasing, holding or selling.
NO WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE ACCURACY, TIMELINESS, COMPLETENESS, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF ANY SUCH RATING OR OTHER OPINION OR INFORMATION IS GIVEN OR MADE BY MOODY'S IN ANY FORM OR MANNER WHATSOEVER.
MIS, a wholly-owned credit rating agency subsidiary of Moody's Corporation ("MCO"), hereby discloses that most issuers of debt securities (including corporate and municipal bonds, debentures, notes and commercial paper) and preferred stock rated by MIS have, prior to assignment of any rating, agreed to pay to MIS for appraisal and rating services rendered by it fees ranging from $1,500 to approximately $2,500,000. MCO and MIS also maintain policies and procedures to address the independence of MIS's ratings and rating processes. Information regarding certain affiliations that may exist between directors of MCO and rated entities, and between entities who hold ratings from MIS and have also publicly reported to the SEC an ownership interest in MCO of more than 5%, is posted annually at www.moodys.com under the heading "Shareholder Relations -- Corporate Governance -- Director and Shareholder Affiliation Policy."
Any publication into Australia of this document is by MOODY'S affiliate, Moody's Investors Service Pty Limited ABN 61 003 399 657, which holds Australian Financial Services License no. 336969. This document is intended to be provided only to "wholesale clients" within the meaning of section 761G of the Corporations Act 2001. By continuing to access this document from within Australia, you represent to MOODY'S that you are, or are accessing the document as a representative of, a "wholesale client" and that neither you nor the entity you represent will directly or indirectly disseminate this document or its contents to "retail clients" within the meaning of section 761G of the Corporations Act 2001.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, credit ratings assigned on and after October 1, 2010 by Moody's Japan K.K. ("MJKK") are MJKK's current opinions of the relative future credit risk of entities, credit commitments, or debt or debt-like securities. In such a case, "MIS" in the foregoing statements shall be deemed to be replaced with "MJKK". MJKK is a wholly-owned credit rating agency subsidiary of Moody's Group Japan G.K., which is wholly owned by Moody's Overseas Holdings Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of MCO.
This credit rating is an opinion as to the creditworthiness or a debt obligation of the issuer, not on the equity securities of the issuer or any form of security that is available to retail investors. It would be dangerous for retail investors to make any investment decision based on this credit rating. If in doubt you should contact your financial or other professional adviser.
Heute im Fokus
Elektronikhersteller LG mit Rekordverlust im Smartphone-Geschäft. Schweden: Leitzins bleibt bis mindestens Anfang 2018 negativ. Barclays verdient mehr. Audi senkt wegen Rückstellungen abermals die Gewinnprognose. WACKER CHEMIE steigert den Gewinn über den Erwartungen. Siltronic für Umsatz im Gesamtjahr etwas optimistischer.